Health Topics: Different Types of Arthritis

If you display any of these symptoms, or are worried that you may be suffering with arthritis, make an appointment to see your doctor.
Do not suffer until the pain becomes unbearable, as medication may give immediate results and make every day life easier for you.

Types of Arthritis:

Ankylosing Spondylitis:
* Belongs to a group of conditions which tend to cause chronic inflammation of the spine.
* Affects males 2-3 times more commonly than females.
* Is the cause of back pain in adolescents and young adults.
* Generally inherited.
* Can also affect eyes, heart, lungs, and occasionally kidneys.
* Requires medications that reduce inflammation, physical therapy and exercise.

Health Topics: Different Types of Arthritis

Cervical Arthritis:
* Is an osteoarthritic condition affecting the upper spine.
* Where the cartilage in joints begins to wear away because of an accident or because of the natural ageing process.
* Tends to begin between the ages of 30 and 50.
* Tends to affect men more often than women.
* Rest is essential, while cold compresses may be used to relieve acute pain. Massaging the muscles is also helpful.
* Anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen may be used to decrease swelling and relieve pain.
* Surgery is recommended in the most severe of cases.

* Is a chronic disease which affects 2-4% of the population.
* Is not a true form of arthritis and does not cause deformities. It is a form of muscular rheumatism.
* It causes neuromuscular pain and general fatigue.
* Mainly affects the muscles and there attachments to the bones.
* Tender spots may occur in the neck, spine, shoulders and hips.
* Affects women 20 times more than men.
* The causes are unknown, and there is no cure.
* Treatment includes exercise and physical therapy to reduce muscle pain and tension.

Gout Arthritis or Hyperuricemia:
* Is caused by uric acid crystal deposits in joint tissue, causing swelling and pain.
* Usually affects the big toe, but can affect the knee, ankle, foot, hand, wrist and elbow.
* Affects more men than women.
* Often Inherited.
* Promoted by obesity, weight gain, alcohol intake, high blood pressure, abnormal kidney function, and drugs.
* Attacks can be prompted by dehydration, injury, fever, heavy eating, heavy drinking of alcohol, and recent surgery.
* Treatment of the arthritis or the kidney stones is necessary, through the use of drugs and steroids.

Lumbar/Lumbosacral Arthritis:
* Affects the lower back and pelvic girdle.
* Causes pain, inflammation, swelling, and the loss of motion due to stiffness of joints and surrounding muscle.
* Pain is usually more intense in the morning and after periods of inactivity.
* Due to ageing, the disks of the spine become dehydrated and lose their elasticity, altering the position of the vertebrae and the connecting ligaments.
* An old injury or direct blow to the spine can add to the arthritis.
* Treatment includes the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants, exercise, ultrasound, ice, heat and massage. A reduction in weight may also reduce stress on the vertebrae.

* A joint inflammation that results from cartilage degeneration.
* Can be caused by ageing, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
* Most common symptom is pain in the affected joint (s) after repetitive use.
* Goal of treatment is to reduce joint pain and inflammation while improving and maintaining joint function.

* Is a disease that affects the bone and leads to its breakdown. Literally, the term means death of bone.
* Affects the knee, hip and ankle joints.
* Can be caused by injuries or diseases such as kidney and liver diseases, sickle-cell disease and clotting disorders.
* Pain, aching, limping and stiffness are common symptoms.
* The later diagnosis is made, the less chance there is of saving the joint.
* The use of walkers and crutches may be used as treatment, while surgery may be necessary for severe cases.

* Caused by crystal deposition.
* Causes arthritis.
* Can cause calcification of cartilage.
* Treatment is directed at the inflammation.
* Can be associated with other illnesses.

Psoriatic Arthritis:
* 1/10 people with psoriasis develop inflammation of the joints.
* The appearance of the skin disease can be separated from the onset of joint disease by years.
* Belongs to a group of arthritis conditions that cause inflammation of the spine.
* Patients can develop inflammation of tendons, cartilage, eyes, lung lining, and rarely the aorta.
* The arthritis is treated independently of the psoriasis with exercise, ice applications, medications and surgery.

Reactive Arthritis:
* Involves inflammation of joints, eyes, and the genital, urinary and gastrointestinal systems.
* Can occur after genital or bowel infection.
* Shares many features with psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and the arthritis of Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis.
* Can affect the joints, spine, eyes, urinary tract, mouth, colon and heart.

Rheumatoid Arthritis:
* Is an auto immune disease that can cause chronic inflammation of the joints and other areas of the body.
* Can affect persons of all ages.
* The cause is not known.
* Is a chronic disease, characterised by periods of disease flares and remissions.
* Multiple joints are usually affected in a symmetric patterns, but not always.
* Can cause permanent joint destruction and deformity.
* There is no known cure.
* Treatment optimally involves a combination of patient education, rest and exercise, joint protection, medications, and occasionally surgery.

The information contained in or made available through This Site cannot replace or substitute for the services of trained professionals in the medical field. We do not recommend any treatment, drug, food or supplement. You should regularly consult a doctor in all matters relating to physical or mental health, particularly concerning any symptoms that may require diagnosis or medical attention.

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