Easy free guide to building a bird house. Your feathered friends will appreciate the home!
Building a bird house is a great way to spend time with your children or grandchildren. It’s also a nice thing to do for our feathered friends who live in the wild. Just as we do, birds need protection from the wind, rain, and all the other elements that Mother Nature sends our way.
First, you must decide what type of birds you want to attract to your back yard. People most commonly build relatively compact bird houses for Wrens, Bluebirds, Nuthatches, and other small-sized songbirds. Other birds can be rather difficult to build a house for. The Woodpecker, for example, is a large-sized bird that requires a big house with a big opening. And, the Purple Martin, for another example, is a real persnickety tenant. They insist on having their houses far away from humans, and far up in the air too.
The next thing you must do is to gather your wood for this project. You can choose about any type of wood that you want, except Pine. Pine is a soft wood, and it doesn’t hold up well in the weather. The very best material would be a strong exterior siding.
You will need the following pieces of wood:
2 roof pieces – 3-3/4 inches wide by 6-1/4 inches long; you will also need to drill two small holes-small enough for wood screws- in the middle of the short side of each piece
1 solid base piece – 6-1/4 inches wide by 6 inches long
2 side pieces – 6 inches wide by 5-7/16 inches long at the highest point in the middle. Measure out three inches to each side from the middle point. Make a mark on each side and then draw a straight line from the middle point to the end marks. These ends will measure four inches high after you have cut along the lines. You will also need to make an entrance hole in the middle of one piece that measures one and a half inches in diameter.
2 side pieces – 4 inches wide by 6-1/4 inches long
You will also need some waterproof wood glue, some small brads, some small wood screws, two small screw-in eyelets, and a wire hanger.
The next step is to start the actual building of the bird house. Start by getting the solid base piece and putting it in front of you on your work space. Now, find the two largest side pieces of the bird house. Glue the bottom strip of the solid base, and fit the first side piece onto it. Carefully use a hammer and a few small brads to secure the piece into place. Repeat this process with the second largest side piece.
Next, you will need to securely attach the other, smaller side pieces onto the partially-built bird house. Find the two smaller side pieces of the bird house. Glue the bottom strip of the solid base, and fit the first side piece onto it. Carefully use a hammer and a few small brads to secure the piece into place. Repeat this process with the second smaller side piece.
Now that you have the sides of your bird house in place, it is time to add the roof pieces on. The roof will only be screwed on; it will not require wood glue or brads. Note: The roof is only screwed on so that it is easily removable for access to the inside of the bird house. Find the two wood roof pieces. Play one piece on top of the bird house, covering one side. Make sure the piece is squarely in place, and then secure it to the bird house base with a wood screw. Repeat this process with the second wood piece. Screw the small eyelets into the roof pieces, making sure they are parallel. Attach the wire hanger to the eyelets, and then you can move on to the final step.
Choose a good exterior paint to coat the outside of your bird house. Three or four light coats of paint will give the exterior added protection from the weather. Allow each coat of paint to dry thoroughly before applying the next coat. And, follow the manufacturer’s directions on the paint container.
Finally, hang your bird house outside, and in time, a small bird will take up residence in it.